Feb 21, 2024

What is Pre-EMI and How to Calculate It? A Comprehensive Guide

Demystifying Pre-EMI: Calculation and Considerations

What is Pre-EMI and How to Calculate It? A Comprehensive Guide

Understanding the financial aspects of purchasing property or investing in construction projects is crucial for borrowers. Among these aspects, Pre-EMI stands out as a significant term, especially for those availing loans for under-construction properties. This blog will delve into what Pre-EMI is, its implications, and how to calculate it, providing a clear guide for prospective borrowers.

Introduction to Pre-EMI

Pre-EMI, short for Pre-Equated Monthly Installment, is an interest-only payment on the loan amount disbursed by the lender for under-construction properties. Unlike regular EMI payments, which include both the principal amount and the interest, Pre-EMI covers only the interest component of the loan. This option is particularly relevant for home loans where the property is yet to be constructed or completed.

Understanding Pre-EMI

The Concept

When you opt for a loan for an under-construction property, the entire loan amount is not disbursed in one go. Instead, it is released in installments based on the construction stages. During this period, lenders usually offer borrowers the option to pay Pre-EMI, which is the interest on the amount disbursed till that point.


  • Reduced Initial Burden: Pre-EMI payments are lower than full EMI payments, reducing the financial burden during the construction phase.

  • Flexibility: It provides financial flexibility, allowing borrowers to manage their finances more efficiently before moving to full EMI payments.


  • Longer Tenure: Opting for Pre-EMI can extend the overall loan tenure since the principal repayment starts later.

  • Higher Total Interest: As no principal is repaid during the Pre-EMI phase, the total interest paid over the loan period might be higher.

How to Calculate Pre-EMI

Calculating Pre-EMI is relatively straightforward. The formula to calculate the Pre-EMI amount is:

Pre-EMI=Principal Disbursed×Interest Rate12Pre-EMI=12Principal Disbursed×Interest Rate​

Example Calculation

Suppose you have taken a loan of ₹10,00,000 at an interest rate of 10% per annum, and the bank has disbursed ₹5,00,000. To calculate the monthly Pre-EMI:


Thus, your monthly Pre-EMI payment would be ₹4,166.67.

Factors to Consider Before Opting for Pre-EMI

  • Financial Planning: Assess your financial situation and future income stability before choosing the Pre-EMI option.

  • Project Completion Risk: Consider the risk of project delays, as this will extend the Pre-EMI payment period.

  • Tax Benefits: Unlike full EMI payments, tax deductions for Pre-EMI interest payments are available only after the construction is completed and in five equal annual installments.


Pre-EMI offers a way to manage financial commitments on under-construction properties by reducing the initial payout burden. However, the choice between Pre-EMI and full EMI payments should be based on individual financial goals, project timelines, and the overall cost-benefit analysis. Understanding how to calculate Pre-EMI and considering its implications can help borrowers make informed decisions aligned with their financial planning.


Q: Can I switch from Pre-EMI to EMI before the property is completed? A: Yes, most lenders allow borrowers to switch from Pre-EMI to full EMI payments even before the property's completion, enabling them to start repaying the principal sooner.

Q: Are there any prepayment charges for Pre-EMI? A: Prepayment rules vary among lenders. Some may allow prepayment without charges during the Pre-EMI phase, while others may impose penalties.

Q: Is Pre-EMI beneficial for all borrowers? A: The benefit of Pre-EMI depends on individual financial situations and objectives. It's beneficial for those looking to minimize initial payments but may result in higher total interest payments.